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Thursday November 23, 2017
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The unanimous Belief of the Muslim world is that Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the Last and Final Messenger/Prophet of Allah. In other words Prophet-hood has ended with Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and those who do not believe in it are out of the fold of Islam.

The article is divided into different sections for a better and clear understanding.

- Lexicographical definitions

- Proof from Quran in light of classical Mufassireen

- Proof from overwhelming Sahih Ahadith

- Consensus of Scholars
Lexicographical Definitions

Imam Ibn Munzur [Born: 630 AH] and Allama Ismail bin Hammad al Juhri [Born: 332 AH], the reason why we have mentioned the birth dates of both these Imams is to make it clear that these Lexicographers wrote their works long before Mirza Qadiani had made his claims. So It is clear that the Ummah was and is still unanimous on the viewpoint that Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the last Prophet and any claim of Prophothood after him is false.
 
Imam Ibn Munzur (rah) writes in Lisan ul Arab:

محمد، صلى الله عليه وسلم، خاتِمُ الأَنبياء، عليه وعليهم الصلاة والسلام. التهذيب: والخاتِم والخاتَم من أَسماء النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم. وفي التنزيل العزيز: ما كان محمد أَبا أَحد من رجالكم ولكن رسول الله وخاتِمَ النبيّين؛ أَي آخرهم

Translation: Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the Last of Prophets (peace & blessings upon them all), both the words Khatim and Khatam are names of Prophet, as is revealed in Al Aziz (i.e. Quran):” Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things” (33:40) THIS REFERS TO LAST/END (أَي آخرهم) [Lisan ul Arab, Under the letter “خ”]

Imam Ibn Munzur also said:

ومن أَسمائه العاقب أَيضاً ومعناه آخر الأَنبياء

Translation: And amongst the names (of Prophet) is Al-Aqib which means “The Akhir al Anbiya” I.e. The Last to come of Prophets [Ibid]

Allama Ismail bin Hammad al Juhri (rah) writes:

Arabic-English-Translation: (ختم الله له بخير) May Allah bring the End on Khair, ( وختمت القرآن: بلغت آخره) I finished the Quran: (read) till it's "End"( واختتمت الشئ: نقيض افتتحته )The Last of something is opposite to beginning (of it) (والخاتم والخاتم، بكسر التاء وفتحها. والخيتام والخاتام كله بمعنى، والجمع الخواتيم. وتختمت، إذا لبسته. وخاتمة الشئ: آخره) Khatam, Khatim, Khitam, the Plural Khawatim, the meaning of all these are same and the end of something is Khatim ash Shay. (ومحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم خاتم الانبياء عليهم الصلاة والسلام) And Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the Last of Prophets (pbuh) [As-Sahah Taj ul Lughat, Volume No. 6, Page No. 186]

 
Definition In Light of great successor (Tabi’i) Qatada (rah)

وأخرج عبد الرزاق وعبد بن حميد وابن المنذر وابن أبي حاتم عن قتادة رضي الله عنه في قوله { ولكن رسول الله وخاتم النبيين } قال: آخر نبي.

Translation: Imam Abdur Razzaq, Abd bin Humaid, Ibn Mundhir and Ibn Abi Hatim narrate from Qatada who said about (He is the Messenger of Allah and Khatam an Nabiyeen) that It means: He is the “LAST NABI” [Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti in Tafsir Dur ul Munthur, Under 33:40]


In Light of leading Tabi’i Imam Hassan al-Basri (rah)

وأخرج عبد بن حميد عن الحسن في قوله { وخاتم النبيين } قال: ختم الله النبيين بمحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، وكان آخر من بعث.

Translation:Imam Abd bin Humaid narrates from Hassan Basri (rah) who said regarding “Khatam an Nabiyeen” : Allah has brought end to Prophets through Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and “HE IS THE LAST TO BE SENT” [Tafsir Dur ul Munthur Under 33:40]
Proof From Quran
(in light of classical Mufassireen)
"Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets.
And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing." [33:40]


Hafiz Ibn Kathir Rahimuhullah (born 701 AH) the widely renowned Mufassir/Muhadith/historian of Islam, he writes in his magnificent Tafsir al Quran al Azeem (i.e. Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

فهذه الآية نص في أنه لا نبي بعده، وإِذا كان لانبي بعده، فلا رسول بعده بالطريق الأولى والأحرى؛ لأن مقام الرسالة أخص من مقام النبوة، فإِن كل رسول نبي، ولا ينعكس، وبذلك وردت الأحاديث المتواترة

Translation: This Verse is a “DEFINITE PROOF” over this matter i.e. there will be no Prophet after him, when there cannot be any Nabi after him then how could there be even a Rasool because the Risalat is linked to Nubuwah, every Rasool is Nabi but every Nabi is not Rasool. This is also established from “MUTAWATTIR AHADITH” (UNDENIABLE DUE TO THE FACT THAT THEY HAVE COME FROM MULTIPLE CHAINS) [Tafsir al Quran al Azim by Ibn Kathir, Page No. 1488, Published by Dar ul Kutb al Arabi, Beirut, Lebanon]

Imam Ibn Kathir (rah) then mentions overwhelming ahadith which we shall mention in the hadith section of this post, but let's look at another great proof which Imam Ibn Kathir cites, he says and we quote:

فمن رحمة الله تعالى بالعباد إِرسال محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم إِليهم، ثم من تشريفه لهم ختم الأنبياء والمرسلين به، وإِكمال الدين الحنيف له، وقد أخبر الله تبارك وتعالى في كتابه، ورسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم في السنة المتواترة عنه: أنه لا نبي بعده؛ ليعلموا أن كل من ادعى هذا المقام بعده، فهو كذاب وأفاك دجال ضال مضل، لو تحرق وشعبذ، وأتى بأنواع السحر والطلاسم والنيرجيات، فكلها محال وضلال عند أولي الألباب؛ كما أجرى الله سبحانه وتعالى على يد الأسود العنسي باليمن، ومسيلمة الكذاب باليمامة من الأحوال الفاسدة والأقوال الباردة ما علم كل ذي لب وفهم وحجى أنهما كاذبان ضالان، لعنهما الله، وكذلك كل مدع لذلك إِلى يوم القيامة، حتى يختموا بالمسيح الدجال

فكل واحد من هؤلاء الكذابين يخلق الله تعالى معه من الأمور ما يشهد العلماء والمؤمنون بكذب من جاء بها، وهذا من تمام لطف الله تعالى بخلقه، فإِنهم بضرورة الواقع لا يأمرون بمعروف، ولاينهون عن منكر، إِلا على سبيل الاتفاق، أو لما لهم فيه من المقاصد إِلى غيره، ويكون في غاية الإفك والفجور في أقوالهم وأفعالهم


Translation: Allah has told us in His Book, and His Messenger has told us in the Mutawatir Sunnah, that there will be no Prophet after him, so that it may be known that everyone who claims this status after him is a liar and fabricator who is misguided and is misguiding others. Even if he twists meanings, comes up with false claims and uses tricks and vagaries, all of this is false and is misguidance as will be clear to those who have understanding. This is what Allah caused to happen in the case of Al-Aswad Al-`Ansi in the Yemen and Musaylimah the Liar in Al-Yamamah, whose false miracles and nonsensical words showed everyone who was possessed of understanding that they were liars who were leading people astray; may the curse of Allah be upon them both. This is the case with every false prophet until the Day of Resurrection, until they end with Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal (the Antichrist). Each of these liars is given by Allah signs which show the people of knowledge and the believers that his message is false -- which is part of the perfect kindness of Allah towards His creation. These liars do not enjoin what is good, nor forbid what is evil, unless they do so by coincidence or because it serves an ulterior purpose. They are the utmost in falsehood and immorality, in all that they say and do [Imam Ibn Kathir in Tafsir al Quran al Azeem, Page No. 1389, Translation taken with care from English version by Dar us Salaam]


Qadhi Thana Ullah PaniPatti (rah) writes in his Tafsir al Mazhari: Khatam has been mentioned (in this ayah) in the meaning of “Akhir/Last” and someone who came to bring an “END TO SOMETHING” as “Last Nabi after whom no Prophet will come [Tafsir al Mazhari, Volume No. 9, Page No. 266]


Proof from Ahadith

We will mention 20 Ahadith (although the number reaches in hundreds) which decisively prove that the door to Prophet-hood has been closed and anyone who claims to be a Prophet after Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is a Liar/Dajjal/Cheat/Fabricator/Fraudster

Hadith # 1

المناقب - خاتم النبيين صلى الله عليه وسلم


Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "My similitude in comparison with the other prophets before me, is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully, except for a place of "ONE" brick in a corner. The people go about it and wonder at its beauty, but say: 'Would that this brick be put in its place!' So I am that brick, and I am the last of the Prophets."
Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 56, Number 735: - Book of Merits - Chapter on Khatamun Nabiyeen)
This Hadith is also narrated in Sahih Muslim Hadith # 5675 under the chapter of “THE FINALITY OF ALLAH'S APOSTLE صلى الله عليه وسلم” It is also narrated in Musnad Ahmed bin Hanbal Hadith # 7479, also narrated in Sunnan al-Bayhaqi al-Kubra, Hadith # 11422]

Hadith # 2

حدثنا ‏ ‏أنس بن مالك ‏ ‏قال ‏
قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إن الرسالة والنبوة قد انقطعت فلا رسول بعدي ولا نبي

Translation: Anas bin Malik narrates from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم who said: The Messengership and Prophethood have ended and there will be no Messenger and Prophet after me [Sunnan Tirimdhi, Hadith # 2274, where Imam Tirimdhi declared it “HASSAN SAHIH”, Also narrated by Musnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Volume No.3, Page No. 467, Mustadrak ala Sahihayn al Hakim, Volume No. 4, Page No. 391]

Imam at-Tirimdhi (rah) said after this hadith:

هذا حَدِيثٌ حسنٌ صحيحٌ

This hadith is "FAIR AND AUTHENTIC" [ibid]

Hadith # 3

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon hlm) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; “I HAVE BEN SENT TO ALL MANKIND AND THE LINE OF PROPHETS IS CLOSED WITH ME” [Book 004, Number 1062: (Sahih Muslim)]
 
Hadith # 4

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger  (peace be upon him) as saying: The Last Hour would not come “UNTIL THERE WOULD ARISE ABOUT THIRTY IMPOSTERS, LIARS, AND EACH ONE OF THEM WOULD CLAIM THAT HE IS A MESSENGER OF ALLAH” [Book 041, Number 6988: (Sahih Muslim), Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 237]

Hadith # 5

‏ ‏وإن الله لم يبعث نبيا إلا حذر أمته ‏ ‏الدجال ‏ ‏وأنا آخر الأنبياء وأنتم آخر الأمم وهو خارج فيكم لا محالة

Translation:The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Allah has not sent any Prophet who did not warn his nation about Dajjal, but Now “I AM THE LAST OF PROPHETS (آخر الأنبياء)” and you are the last Ummah (آخر الأمم), he will for sure arise from amongst you [Sunnan Ibn Majah, Hadith # 4067]

Hadith # 6

وإنه سيكون في أمتي ثلاثون كذابون كلهم يزعم أنه نبي وأنا ‏ ‏ خاتم ‏ ‏النبيين لا نبي بعدي ‏

Translation: The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: There will arise 30 grand Liars (Dajjal) from my Ummah, each of them will claim that he is the Prophet whereas “I AM KHATAM AN NABIYEEN AND THERE IS NO PROPHET AFTER ME” [Sunnan Tirimdhi , Hadith # 2202]

Imam Tirimdhi Said after this hadith:

‏ ‏هذا ‏ ‏حديث حسن صحيح ‏

Translation: This Hadith is “HASSAN SAHIH”

The Hadith is also narrated in Sunnan ABU Dawud, Hadith # 4252

Hadith # 7

Narrated Sad: Allah's Apostle set out for Tabuk. Appointing Ali as his deputy (in Medina). 'Ali said, "Do you want to leave me with the children and women?" The Prophet said, "Will you not be pleased that you will be to me like Aaron to Moses? “BUT THERE WILL BE NO PROPHET AFTER ME” [Volume 5, Book 59, No. 700: (Sahih Bukhari)]

Hadith # 8

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "The Israelis used to be ruled and guided by prophets: Whenever a prophet died, another would take over his place. ”THERE WILL BE NO PROPHET AFTER ME, BUT THERE WILL BE CALIPHS WHO WILL INCREASE IN NUMBER” The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What do you order us (to do)?" He said, "Obey the one who will be given the pledge of allegiance first. Fulfil their (i.e. the Caliphs) rights, for Allah will ask them about (any shortcoming) in ruling those Allah has put under their guardianship." [Volume 4, Book 56, Number 661: (Sahih Bukhari)]

Hadith # 9

The Prophet of صلى الله عليه وسلم said: I am the Slave of Allah and I was a Last Prophet in (sight) of Allah when Adam’s Khameer was being created [Imam al Baihaqi in Shuayb ul Imaan Volume 2 Page No. 134, Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak declared Its chain to be Sahih]

Hence Allah SWT chose Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم to be the FINAL Prophet before Adam A.S was created!

Hadith # 10

On the day of resurrection people will run to all Prophets asking for help and intercession, the hadith states [It's long one, so part of it is stated below]:

They will come to me and say, 'O Muhammad! You are Allah's Apostle and “THE LAST OF THE PROPHETS” and Allah forgave your early and late sins. (Please) intercede for us with your Lord. Don't you see in what state we are?[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 236]

The whole hadith proves that People shall run different Prophets but “FINALLY” went to Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم who shall intercede for them, this hadith clearly proves the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is the Last towards whom they ran!

Hadith # 11

Hadrat Jabir bin Abdullah (ra) narrates that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: I am the leader of all Prophets and there is no boast, I am the Last of all Prophets and there is no boast [Sunnan al Darimi, Hadith # 50]
 
Hadith # 12

Hadrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) narrates that once the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم came to us in a way as If he is leaving us, then he said thrice: I am Muhammad the Ummi Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and there is no Prophet after me [Musnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Volume No. 2, Page No. 172, Sheikh Ahmed Shakir in Takhrij of it: The chain of this Hadith is “Hassan”]

Hadith # 13

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: There is no Prophet after me, and there is no Ummah after you, so you should worship your Lord and say your 5 daily prayers, and fast in your month (Ramadan), obey your leaders and thus enter the Blessed garden of your Lord [Imam Tabarani in Muj’am al Kabir, Volume No. 8, Hadith # 7217]

Hadith # 14

Hadrat Abu Dhar (ra) narrates that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told him: The first Prophet is Adam and the last one is Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم [Kanz ul amaal, Hadith # 32269]

Hadith # 15

Hadrat Uqba bin Aamir (ra) narrates that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Had there been a Prophet after me then It would have been Umar [Sunnan Tirimdhi, Hadith # 3272]

The Hadith clearly means that after the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم the best of mankind are his companions but not even they would be given the honour of Prophet-hood since it has ceased!
 
Hadith # 16

Narrated Jubair bin Mutim: Allah's Apostle صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "I have five names: I am Muhammad and Ahmad; I am Al-Mahi through whom Allah will eliminate infidelity; I am Al-Hashir who will be the first to be resurrected, the people being resurrected there after; “AND I AM ALSO AL-AQIB (I.E. THERE WILL BE NO PROPHET AFTER ME)” [Volume 4, Book 56, Number 732: (Bukhari)]

Hadith # 17

Narrated Isma'il: I asked Abi Aufa, "Did you see Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet?" He said, "Yes, but he died in his early childhood. Had there been a Prophet after Muhammad then his son would have lived, “BUT THERE IS NO PROPEHT AFTER HIM” [Volume 8, Book 73, No. 214: (Bukhari)]

Hadith # 18

عن بن عباس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال أنا أحمد ومحمد والحاشر والمقفي والخاتم

Translation:Hadrat Ibn Abbas (ra) narrates that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: I am Ahmed, Muhammad, Hashir, Maqfi (One who is sent in the last) and I am “KHATIM” [Imam Tabarani in Muj’am as Saghir, Hadith # 152]

Hadith # 19

Qatada narrates that when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم recited the Ayah {And when We exacted a covenant from the prophets, and from thee (O Muhammad) and from Noah… 33:7} he said: The goodness was started through me and I am the last amongst all Prophets to be sent [Muassanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith # 31753]

Hadith # 20

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Abu Bakr (ra) is the best amongst all people (after me) “BUT HE IS NOT A PROPHET” [Al Kamil by Ibn Adi, Volume No. 6, Page No. 484]

Consensus Of The Scholars

 
Next in line of authority after the consensus of the Companions stands the consensus, in matters of religion, of those Ullama of the Muslims who came after the time of Companions (may Allah be pleased with them). A glance through the history of Islam from the first century up to the modern times reveals to us the fact that the Ullama of all periods in every Islamic country of the world are unanimous in their conviction that no new prophet can be raised after Muhammad (PBUH). They all agree in the belief that anyone who lays a claim to Prophet-hood after Muhammad (PBUH) and anyone who puts faith in such a claim is an apostate and an outcast from the community of Islam.

The following facts are appended as an illustration of this:

•       A man in the time of Imam Abu Hanifa (80 A.H.-150 A.H.) laid claim to Prophethood and said "Let me show you the proofs of my prophethood." The great Imam thereupon warned the people: "Anyone who asks of this man the credentials of prophethood, shall become an apostate, for the Prophet of God (PBUH) has explicitly declared: "No prophet will come after me." (Manaqib al-Imam-i-Azam Abi Hanifa, Ibn Ahmad al-Makki, Vol. I, p.161, published in Hyderabad, India, 1321 A.H.)

•       `Allama Ibn Jarir Tabari (224 A.H.-310 A.H.) in his renowned commentary of the holy Qur'an gives the following interpretation of the verse, 'walakin Rasul Allahi wa Khatam-ul Nabiyyin': "He has closed and sealed the prophethood and the door (of prophethood) shall not open for anyone till the end of the world." (Vide Commentary of Ibn-i-Jarir, Vol. 22, p.12)

•       In his book `Aqida-i-Salfia, while explaining the beliefs of the pious forbearers and particularly those of Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad, Imam Tahavi (239 A.H.-321 A.H.) writes that Muhammad (PBUH) is a highly venerable servant of God. He is the chosen Prophet and the favorite Messenger of Allah. He is the last of the Prophets, Leader of the pious, chief of the Messengers of Allah and the beloved one of the Lord. After him every claim to Prophethood is an error manifest and worship of one's evil-self." (Sharah al-Tahawiya Fil-'Aqidat-ul-Salfia, Dar-ul-Ma'arif, Egypt, pp. 15, 87, 96, 97, 100, 102)

•       `Allama Ibn Hazm Andulasi (384 A.H.-456 A.H.) writes: "It is certain that the chain of Divine revelations has come to an end after the death of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The proof of this lies in the fact that none but a prophet can be the recipient of Divine revelations and God has affirmed that Muhammad has no sons among ye men and he is the Messenger of God and that He has sealed the office of Prophethood." (Al-Mohallah, Vol. 1, p.26)

•       Imam Ghazali (450 A.H-505 A.H.) says `If the right of denying the authority of consensus be admitted, it will give rise to many absurdities. For example, if someone says that it is possible for a person to attain the office of Prophet hood after our Apostle Muhammad (PBUH), we shall not hesitate to pronounce him as an infidel, but in the course of a controversy the man who wishes to prove that any reluctance in pronouncing such a person as an apostate is a sin shall have to seek the aid of consensus in support of his arguments, because reason is no arbiter against the possibility of the existence of a `new prophet.' As regards the followers of the `new prophets' they will not be utterly incapable of making various interpretations of La Nabiya Ba`di, "There will be no Prophet after me" and Khatam-ul-Nabiyyin, `Last of the Prophets.' A follower of the `new prophets' might say that Khatam-ul-Nabiyyin, `Last of the Prophets' bears the meaning "last of the prominent Messengers." If you argue that "prophets" is a common word, he would very easily give this term a particular significance with regard to his own `prophet hood.' In respect of `No Prophet will come after him', such a man would contend that this expression does not say that `No Messengers will follow him.' There is a difference between a Prophet and a Messenger. The status of a Prophet is higher than that of the Messenger. The fact is that such absurdities can be indulged in ad infinitum. It is not difficult, in our view, to make different interpretations of a word. Besides, there is no ample scope for people to commit blunders ever and beyond these points in the exposition of these clear words. We cannot even say that those who make such interpretations are guilty of the denial of clear injunctions. But to refute those who have but their faith in the false expositions we shall say that the entire Ummah by a consensus of opinion recognizes that the words `No Prophet shall come after him' and the context of the traditions suggests that the Holy Prophet meant that `No Prophet, nor Messenger shall follow him.' Furthermore, the Ummah is agreed on the point, that the above words of the Holy Prophet leave no scope for a different interpretation than given to it by the consensus of the Ummah and he who would not join the consensus is no more than a dissident. (Al-Iqtisad Fil Aiteqad, p.114, Egypt)

•       Mohy-us-Sunnah Baghawi (died 510 A.H.) writes in his commentary Ma`lam-al-Tanzil: "God brought the line of Prophets to an end with him. Hence he is the final Prophet.......Ibn `Abbas affirms that God (in this verse) has given His verdict that no Prophet will come after the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)." (Vol. 3, p. 158)

•       `Allama Zamakhshri (467 A.H.-538 A.H) writes in his commentary entitled Kashshaaf, "If you ask how Muhammad can be the last of the Prophets when Hadrat `Isa (Jesus Christ) will appear towards the end of the world? I shall reply that the finality of Prophet Hood of Muhammad (PBUH) means that no one will be endowed with prophet hood after him. Hadrat 'Isa is among those upon whom prophet hood was endowed before Muhammad (PBUH). Moreover, Hadrat 'Isa will appear as a follower of Muhammad and he will offer prayers with his face towards the Qiblah of Islam, as a member of the community of the Muslims." (Vol. 2, p. 215)

•       Qazi 'Iyad (died 544 A.H.) writes: " He who lays a claim to prophet hood, affirms that a man can attain the office of prophet hood or can acquire the dignity of a prophet through purification of soul, as is alleged by some philosophers and Sufis; similarly a person who does not claim to be a prophet, but declares that he is the recipient of Divine revelation, all such persons are apostates and deniers of the prophet hood of Muhammad(PBUH), for Muhammad (PBUH) has conveyed the message of God to us that he is the final Prophet and no Prophet will come after him. He had also conveyed to us the Divine message that he has finally sealed the office of Prophet Hood and that he has been sent as a Prophet and a Messenger to the whole of mankind. It is the consensus of the entire Ummah that these words of the Holy Prophet are clear enough and eloquently speak of the fact that they can admit of no other interpretation or amendment in their meaning. Hence there is no doubt that all these sects are outside the pale of Islam not only from the view-point of the consensus of the Ummah but also on the ground of these words having been transmitted with utmost authenticity." (Shifa, Vol. 2, pp. 270- 271)

•       `Allama Shahrastani (died A.H. 548), in his renowned book, Almilal wan Nahal, writes: "And similarly who says that a prophet shall come after Muhammad (PBUH), there are no two opinions that such a man is an infidel." (Vol. 3, p. 249)

•       Imam Razi (543 A.H.-606 A.H.), in his work Tafsir Kabir while explaining the meaning of the verse Khatam-un-Nabiyyin states: "In this context the term Khatam-un Nabiyyin has been used in the sense that a Prophet whose ministry is not final may leave some injunctions or commandments incomplete or unexplained thus providing scope for a succeeding prophet to complete the task. But the Prophet who will have no successor is more considerate and provides clear guidelines for his followers; for he is like a father who knows that after him there will be no guardian or patron to look after his son."(Vol. 6, p. 581)

•       Allama Baidawi(died A.H. 685), in his commentary, Anwar-ul-Tanzil, writes: "In other words he, Muhammad (PBUH), is the last of all Prophets. He is the one in whom the line of Prophets Ends or the one whose advent has sealed the office of Prophet Hood. The appearance of Hadrat 'Isa (peace be upon him) after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is not a contradiction of the finality of Muhammad’s Prophet Hood, because Hadrat Isa will appear as a follower of the Sharia of Muhammad." (Vol. 4, p. 164)

•       'Allama Hafiz-ud-Din Al-Nasafi (died A.H.710), in his commentary, Madark-ut-Tanzil, writes: "And he Muhammad (PBUH) is the one who has brought the line of prophets to an end...in other words he is the last of all prophets. God shall not appoint another prophet after him. In respect of Hadrat `Isa (peace be upon him) it may be stated that he is among those who were appointed Prophets before the time of Muhammad (PBUH). And when Hadrat `Isa appears again, he will be a follower of the Sharia of Muhammad, and one among faithful." (p. 471)

•       `Allama `Alau-din Baghdadi (died A.H. 725) in his commentary, Khazin, writes: "Wa Khatam-un-Nabiyyin,' in other words, God has ended prophet hood in him, Muhammad (PBUH). Henceforth there is no prophet hood after him, nor is there any partner with him in prophet hood...Wa Kan Allahu Bikulle Shaiin `Alima, God is aware that no prophet will come after him." (pp. 471-472)

•       Allama Ibn Kathir (died A.H. 774) writes in his well- known commentary, "Hence this verse is a clear proof of the fact that no prophet will come after Muhammad (PBUH) and when it is said that no prophet will come after him it is a foregone conclusion that no messenger will succeed him either, for the office of a messenger holds prominence over the office of a prophet. Every messenger is a prophet, but all prophets are not messengers. Anyone who lays a claim to prophet hood after Muhammad (PBUH) is a liar, an imposter, depraved and a seducer despite his wondrous jugglery and magical feats. Anyone who would make this claim in future till the end of the world belongs to this class. (Vol. 3, pp. 493-494)

•       Allama Jalal-Us-Din Suite (died A.H. 911) writes in his commentary entitled Jalalain, "God is aware of the fact that no prophet will succeed Muhammad (PBUH) and when Isa (PBUH) will reappear in the world he will act according to the Sharia of Muhammad (PBUH)." (p. 768)

•       Allama Ibn Nujaim (died A.H. 970) in his renowned work of the canons of Fish entitled, 'Al-Ashbah wan-Nazair', Kitab- us-Siyyar:Bab: al-Raddah, writes: "A person who does not regard Muhammad (PBUH) as the last Prophet of God is not a Muslim, for the finality of Muhammad's prophet hood is one of those fundamental articles of faith which a Muslim must understand and believe." (p. 179)

•       Mullah Ali Qari (died A.H. 1016) in his commentary Fiqh Akbar, writes: "To lay a claim to Prophet Hood after the ministry of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is a sheer infidelity by the consensus of Ummah." (p. 202)

•       Shaikh Isma'il Haqqi (died 1137 A.H.) while elucidating this verse in his commentary Ruh-ul-Bayan, writes: "Asim reads the word Khatam with a vowel stress on the letter ta which means the instrument of stamping and sealing, just as 'Printer' is the machine which imprints. The connotation of the word is that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was the last of all prophets and God has sealed the office of prophet hood through his agency. In Persian the same meaning will be expressed by the term 'Mohar Paighambran'. The seal of Prophets i.e., his (Muhammad's) advent sealed the door of prophet hood and the line of prophets ended in him. Other reciters pronounce the word Khatim with the vowel point under the letter ta which means to say that Muhammad (PBUH) was the one who sealed the doors of prophet hood. In Persian the same meaning will be expressed by the term 'Mohar Konindai Paighambran,' 'Sealer of the prophets,' so both ways the word Khatam bears one and the same meaning........Henceforth the Ullama of the Ummah of Muhammad(PBUH) will inherit only spiritual eminence from him. The inheritance of Prophet Hood is extinct, for Muhammad (PBUH) has sealed the office of Prophet Hood for all time to come. The appearance of Hadrat Isa (PBUH) after Muhammad (PBUH) is not a contradiction of the finality of Muhammad's prophet hood. The term Khatam-un-Nabiyyin makes it clear that no one will be appointed a prophet after Muhammad (PBUH).

Hadrat Isa (PBUH) was appointed Prophet before Muhammad (PBUH) and Isa (PBUH) will appear as a follower of the Sharia of Muhammad (PBUH). He (Isa) (PBUH) will offer prayers with his face turned towards the Qiblah designated by Muhammad (PBUH). Hadrat Isa (PBUH) will be one among the faithful of Islam. He will neither receive any Divine revelation nor will issue new injunctions; he will act as a follower of Muhammad (PBUH). `Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jam'ah believe that no prophet will come after our holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) because God has affirmed wa-lakin Rasul Allehe WA Khatam-un- Nabiyyin and the Prophet has said: La Nabiya Ba`di (There will be no Prophet after me.) Henceforth anyone who says that a prophet will succeed Muhammad (PBUH) will become an apostate, because he has denied a basic article of faith. Similarly anyone who casts doubt about the finality of Muhammad's prophet hood will also be declared an infidel, because the foregoing discussion has distinguished right from wrong. And any claim to prophet hood after Muhammad (PBUH) is absolutely false."

•       In Fatwa-i-Alamgiri which was compiled by the eminent scholars of the Indian sub-continent at the command of Aurangzeb Alamgir, in the 12th century Hijri, it is recorded: "A man who does not regard Muhammad (PBUH) as the final Prophet of God, is not a Muslim, and if such a man claims to be a messenger or prophet of God, he shall be proclaimed an apostate." (Vol. 2, p. 263)

•       Allama Shoukani (died 1255 A.H.) in his commentary, Fath-ul-Qadeer, writes: "A majority of people have read the word Khatam with the vowel point under the letter ta but 'Asim reads the same word with vowel stress on ta. The first reading means that Muhammad (PBUH) ended the line of Prophets (peace of Allah be upon them) i.e., in other words the Holy Prophet came last of all the Prophets. The second reading means that the Holy Prophet was the seal by which the office of Prophet Hood was finally closed; and that his advent lent grace to the group of Allah's Prophets.

•       Allama Alusi (died 1270 A.H.) in his commentary, Ruh-ul-Ma'ani, writes: "The word 'Prophet' is common, but the word 'Messenger' has a particular significance. Hence when the Holy Prophet (PBUH) is called the 'Seal of Prophets,' it necessarily follows that he is also the 'Seal of Messengers.' The implication of the Holy Prophet's position as 'the Last of all Prophets and Messengers of God' is that by his (PBUH) elevation to the dignity of Prophet Hood in this world, the same dignity has henceforth been abolished and no man can attain that dignity now." (Vol. 22, p. 32)

"Anyone who claims to be the recipient of Divine revelations as a prophet after the advent of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) shall be declared an infidel. There is no difference of opinion among Muslims on this point." (ibid. vol.22, p.38) "The affirmation in the Book of God of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as `the Last of the Prophets' is unequivocal. The Sunnah has clearly explained this and the Ummah has reached a consensus on it. Hence anyone who lays a contradictory claim against this position shall be declared an apostate (ibid., vol.22, p. 39)

These are the expositions of the leading savants, jurists, scholars of Hadith and commentators of every realm of Islam, from the sub-continent of India to Morocco and Spain (Andulus) and from Turkey to Yemen. We have indicated their years of birth and death in each case so that the reader may realise at first glance that this list includes eminent authorities of every century of the Islamic History falling between the first and thirteenth century. We might even have added expositions by the learned doctors of Islam belonging to the fourteenth century; but we omitted the Ullama of the 14th century purposely because someone might state that these scholars had explained the meanings of Khatam-i-Nabuwat as 'the Seal of all Prophets' to refute the claim of the 'new prophets' of the modern age.

It cannot, however, be said that the Ullama of the past centuries entertained feelings of animosity against a later day personality claiming to be a prophet. These writings also make it clear beyond doubt that from the first century up to the present-day the entire Muslim world has unanimously taken the expression Khatam-un-Nabiyyin to mean `the Last of all Prophets.' Muslims of all periods have been unanimous in the belief that the office of prophet hood has been sealed after the advent of the holy Prophet (PBUH). There has never been any difference of opinion among Muslims that any person who prefers a claim to prophet hood and those who believe in such a claim to prophet hood are outside the pale of Islam. It is now up to all reasonable persons to judge that in the face of all this massive evidence- the plain dictionary meaning of the phrase 'Khatam-un-Nabiyyin' the interpretation of the Quranic verse in its true perspective, the exposition of the Holy Prophet himself and the consensus on the finality of prophet hood of Muhammad(PBUH) of the entire body of Muslims all over the world from the time of the companions of the Holy prophet to the present day followers of Islam-what scope is left for an alternative interpretation and what justification can they give for opening the door of prophet hood for a new claimant. Furthermore, how can those people be recognized as Muslims who have not only expressed their opinion in favour of opening the door to prophet hood, but they have, in fact, catapulted a man into the mansion of the Prophets of God and have become the followers of this trespasser?

Reprinted with permission from http://www.secondhandislam.co.uk

Daily Hadiths

Narrated / Authority Of: Yazid bin Al Ubaid I used to accompany Salama bin Al-Akwa' and he used to pray behind the pillar which was near the place where the Quran's were kept I said, "O Abu Muslim! I see you always seeking to pray behind this pillar." He replied, "I saw Allah's Apostle always seeking to pray near that pillar."

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